sicilia

The island-continent in the heart of the Mediterranean sea

sicilia
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Sicily: a complex mosaic of different wine terroirs

Sicily lies in the heart of the Mediterranean basin, its southern reaches almost grazing Africa. Lapped by the azure waters of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Ionian Sea, this sun-drenched isle beckons with tales as old as time. The biggest island in the Mediterranean sea, innumerable civilizations have inhabited its coasts and valleys throughout the centuries, each leaving an indelible mark on Sicilian dialects, cuisine, and architecture.
 
Italy’s largest region, Sicily is also the largest island in the Mediterranean – slightly bigger than Sardinia and a bit smaller than the combined area of the other three large Mediterranean islands (CyprusCorsica and Crete). Lying in the heart of the southern Mediterranean Sea, a mix of GreekArabNorman  and Roman  influences shapes its unique culture.
 
Sicily is the biggest wine-producing region in Italy, and houses the country’s largest quantity of hillside vineyards. With  the altitude of the parcels ranging from zero to over 1,000 meters above sea level, it boasts an intricate patchwork of different terroirs. 
Sicilia in a Nutshell
  • Area: 25.832 km2 (1st out of 20)
  • Mountain: 24,4%
  • Hill: 61,4%
  • Plain: 14,2%
  • Highest peak: Vulcano Etna (3,300 mt) 
  • Population: 4.814.016 (8,2%)
  • Provinces: Agrigento, Caltanissetta, Catania, Enna, Messina, Palermo, Ragusa, Siracusa, Trapani

Interesting facts about Sicily
  • Sicily is divided in three valleys: Val Demone (east), Val di Noto (South), Val di Mazara (West).
  • The region houses over seventy native grape varieties yet six of them account for the vast majority of the regional surface under vine.
  • 66% of the regional production is white wine and 34% is red and rosè wine.
  • 40% of the total surface under vine is farmed sustainably or organically.
  • Geography and geology are extremely complex: the mountains in Northwestern Sicily are the continuation in the European continent of the Maghreb chain, and are radically different in terms of soil composition from the volcanic areas in Eastern Sicily, where Etna shapes geology. The southern part of the region, which lies even south of the coast of Tunisia, consists of an ancient seabed with plenty of fossil-rich sands and limestone.
  • Climatic variability is just as relevant: for instance, Etna benefits from average temperatures and annual rainfalls similar to those of prominent wine districts in the Italian peninsula, while the Noto subzone in Southeastern Sicily is one of the warmest and driest areas in Europe.

insights

Wine areas

Discover wine denomintation of Sicilia: Etna, Marsala, Vittoria, Menfi, Noto / Eloro, Butera, Alcamo, Monreale, Faro, Pantelleria, Malvasia delle Lipari, Mamertino

Grapes

Discover grapes varieties of Sicilia: Nero d’Avola, Frappato, Perricone, Zibibbo, Catarratto, Grillo, Inzolia, Nerello Cappuccio, Nerello Mascalese, Carricante, Minnella

Travel

Discover Sicily: Palermo and Monreale, Cefalù, Syracuse, Etna, Taormina, Pantelleria, Valley of Temples, Marsala, Noto, Modica, Ragusa, San Vito Lo Capo, Riserva dello Zingaro

sicilia

Curiosities, food and wine pairings and much more