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Piedmont Wine Region

From the slopes of the Alps to the hills of southern Piedmont, vineyards occupy a large proportion of the regional surface area. Some wine growing areas-such as Monferrato or Colli Tortonesi-area quite large, while others only cover few hectares of land but are equally meaningful for the excellent quality of the wines they produce.

Which are the wine-growing areas of Piedmont?​

  • Langhe: Langhe: Perhaps the most famous wine-producing region of Piedmont. Owing its name to the Latin word for “tongue,” this hilly area is densely populated with vineyards that run along tight curves and steep slopes. The Langhe area, extending around the city of Alba in the province of Cuneo, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, world-famous for its breathtaking landscape and for producing Barolo and Barbaresco.
  • Alto Piemonte: Nebbiolo is planted throughout Piedmont, and one of the most unique expressions of this grape comes from the northeastern corner of Piedmont, on foothills of the Alps and close to Lombardy. In Alto Piemonte, Nebbiolo acquires a lighter and more ethereal personality, standing out for its finesse and tension.
  • Roero:the lesser-known neighbor of the Langhe. Boasting dramatically steep vineyards on sandy soils, it produces medium-bodied Nebbiolo and crisp, refreshing Arneis.
  • Canavese: a large area in northwestern Piedmont, producing Erbaluce di Caluso and Carema, yet another excellent Nebbiolo-based wine, from small terraced plots on a valley connecting Piedmont to Valle d’Aosta.large area in northwestern Piedmont, producing Erbaluce di Caluso and Carema, yet another excellent Nebbiolo-based wine, from small terraced plots on a valley connecting Piedmont to Valle d’Aosta.
  • Monferrato: t *the largest wine district in Piedmont, giving the lion’s share of the regional production. Iconic wines include Barbera del Monferrato, Barbera d’Asti, Moscato d’Asti, and Nizza
  • Colli Tortonesi: the cradle of Timorasso and Colli Tortonesi Barbera.
  • Gavi: please see the previous chapter. 
  • Ovada: a mountainous area on the border with Liguria, mainly producing high-acid and age-worthy Dolcetto.

What are the Denominations of Piemonte?

Over 80% of the regional output comes from a denomination of origin. 18 wines enjoy Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) status and 41 are granted Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) status. 

The D.O.C.G. and DOCs of Piedmont: 

  • Alta Langa
  • Asti
  • Barbaresco
  • Barbera d’Asti
  • Barbera del Monferrato Superiore
  • Barolo
  • Brachetto d’Acqui or Acqui
  • Dolcetto di Diano d’Alba or Diano d’Alba
  • Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore or Ovada
  • Dogliani
  • Erbaluce di Caluso or Caluso
  • Freisa d’ Asti
  • Grignolino d’ Asti 
  • Langhe Nebbiolo
  • Gattinara
  • Gavi or Cortese di Gavi
  • Ghemme
  • Bramaterra
  • Lessona
  • Boca
  • Carema
  • Colline Novaresi Nebbiolo
  • Nebbiolo d’ Alba
  • Nizza
  • Roero / Roero Arneis 
  • Ruchè di Castagnole Monferrato
  • Terre Alfieri
Piedmont in a Nutshell
  • Hectares under vine: 42,588 (2021) 
  • Total production: 2.41 million hectoliters  
  • Percentage of DOC/DOCG wine: 94%

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