friuli venezia giulia

Where Italy and Eastern Europe meet

Trieste, Italia, Friuli.
friuli venezia giulia
wine areas
Grapes
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Friuli Venezia Giulia: crisp whites and orange wines

Friuli Venezia Giulia’s geographical position has resulted in the region becoming a bridge between the Mediterranean SeaCentral Europe and the Slavic world. Formerly part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, its idyllic countryside degrading towards the Adriatic sea used to be garden and the orchard of the Austro-Hungarian nobility. To this day, the legacy of the Augsburg domination is still evident from the sumptuous villas and manors converted into wineries and the widespread presence of international grape varieties such as ChardonnaySauvignon BlancPinot Bianco and Merlot, which became as relevant as native ones in the white wine-dominated regional scene.

But even more important are the ties to neighboring Slovenia, also highlighted by the names of the wines and wine-growing areas: Carso Triestino and Kras, Collio Goriziano and Goriska Brda are contiguous areas – even though the impassable border between the Western World and Eastern Europe has set them aside for a large portion of the 20th century. Vitovska, Malvasia Istriana, Ribolla Gialla (Rebula) and Friulano (Sauvignonasse) are grown with equal success on both sides of the border.

Friuli Venezia Giulia in a Nutshell
  • Area: 7.862 Km2 (17th out of 20)
  • Mountain: 42,5%
  • Hill: 19,3% 
  • Plain: 38,1%
  • Highest peak: Monte Coglians, 2780 mt 
  • Population: 1.194.248 (2%)
  • Provinces: Trieste, Gorizia, Pordenone, Udine
Friuli Venezia Giulia 
Interesting facts about Friuli Venezia Giulia
  • The region boasts a very peculiar geography, with large plains on its western flank, Alps on the northern border with Austria, and rolling hills running on the border with Slovenia in Eastern Friuli, and the Carso rocky plateaus flanking the coastline in the Venezia Giulia area.
  • Friuli and Venezia Giulia are often regarded as two different regions: the latter comprising the outskirts of Trieste. Venezia Giulia used to be one with neighbouring Istria, which became part of Slovenia and Croatia after the Second World War.
  • Together with Veneto, Friuli Venezia Giulia is part of the broad Prosecco DOC. While the town of Prosecco (Prosek) lies in the province of Trieste, there was no tradition of making Glera-based sparkling wine in the region, as Prosecco as we know it today was invented in the neighbouring Veneto region. Nonetheless, the success of the wine resulted in a surge in the total hectares planted to Glera, with Prosecco DOC currently accounting for a large proportion of the regional wine production
  • The small town of Oslavia on the border with Slovenia was the place where the so-called “amber revolution” began. Innovators like Josko Gravner and Stanko Radikon were among the first producers in Western Europe to revive the old tradition of fermenting white wine on the skins in the mid-1990s. By doing so, they created the first commercially successful orange wines.
  • 81% of the regional production is white wine and 19% is red and rosè.

insights

Wine areas

In the northeastern part of Italy, Friuli-Venezia Giulia is situated at the crossroads of Austria, Slovenia, the Adriatic Sea, and the Veneto

Grapes

Prominent grape varieties and wine profiles in Friuli include the renowned Friulano grape, formerly known as Tocai Friulano, which was associated with Hungary but is now a signature of the region.

Wineries

Famous for its exceptional Italian white wines, Friuli-Venezia Giulia is renowned in the world of winemaking

Travel

In the northeastern corner of Italy, Friuli Venezia Giulia offers a unique incentive: reimbursement for travelers who arrive by train from any part of the country.

friuli venezia giulia

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