friuli venezia giulia
Friulia Venezia Giulia Wine Region
White wines take center stage in Friuli Venezia Giulia, with the region offering anything from simple and subtly aromatic entry-level wines to minerally complex top shelf whites with remarkable aging potential. According to many producers, the sheer class of the whites from some of the region’s wine-growing areas – most notably Collio and Colli Orientali – is linked to specific soils called ponka, consisting of a microelements-rich stratification of marl and sands that favors the retention of high acidity and enhances an upbringing savory quality.
Orange wines are almost a category on their own: the Carso and Collio areas boast Italy’s largest quantity of successful examples of such wines, owing their unique combination of power and tension to ponka and to the phenolic richness of local varieties.
Red wines are lesser-known but the best examples are well-worth seeking out (more on that in the grape varieties section).
Which are the main wine-growing areas in Friulia Venezia Giulia?
- Collio: also known as Collio Goriziano (Goriska Brda) in Slovenia, this area covers the Italian section of a large hilly area that is mostly comprised within Slovenia. It is cradle of quality wine production in Friuli, with vineyards benefiting from a temperate climate that allows to achieve a perfect combination of structural richness, ripe acidity and aromatic finesse.
- Colli Orientali del Friuli: Lying to the north of Collio, this area produces a number of different wines. Beyond regional and international grapes also found in Collio, it also houses rare grapes that are specific of tiny subzones like Schioppettino di Prepotto, Verduzzo di Ramandolo and Picolit.
- Carso: the Italian portion of the large karst plateau stretching all the way down to Croatia. Vitovska, Malvasia Istriana and Terrano are the key grapes in this area.
- Isonzo: Covering the lower lands along the banks of the namesake river, this area specializes in full-bodied whites and reds made with international grapes.
- Friuli Grave: right across the border from Veneto, the plains of Friuli Grave house a wide array of international and native varieties, mainly producing simple and bright entry-level wines.
- Trieste: the easternmost subzone of the Prosecco DOC.
friuli venezia giulia