Emilia Romagna

Emilia Romagna
wine areas

Viticolture in Emilia-Romagna

What are the main Grape Varieties of Emilia-Romagna?

Emilia is the cradle of the Lambrusco vareties, which were born from the domestication of wild vitis labrusca.
Romagna, instead, focuses on Sangiovese, Albana, and lesser-known grapes like Pagadebit and Trebbiano romagnolo.

Key grapes in Emilia

  • Lambrusco: The most important red grape variety in Emilia, giving light sparkling red wines – either dry or off-dry – and rosè. Different typologies of Lambrusco exist, including Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro, and Lambrusco a Foglia Frastagliata, each yielding a slightly different wines
  • Malvasia di Candia Aromatica: not to be confused with Malvasia di Candia from Lazio, it produces light to medium-bodied aromatic white wine.
  • Barbera: Grown for medium to full-bodied, often slightly rustic reds with high acidity, often accompanied by light effervescence (especially in the Colli Piacentini area).
  • Bonarda (Croatina): Used to produce bold red wines with racier tannins than Barbera.
  • Pignoletto: Genetically tied to Grechetto, it gives sparkling and still wines with a light structure and citrusy and floral aromas.

Key grapes in Romagna

  • Albana: Italy’s first white wine to earn DOCG status, Albana di Romagna offers a wide variety of different styles while always retaining captivating fruity exuberance and a slightly tactile quality to the palate that enhances its savoriness. The wines range from crisp and gluggable to full-bodied and slightly tannic when undergoing skin-contact.
  • Sangiovese: the main red grape in Emilia Romagna, giving slightly fruitier wines and more approachable than in Tuscany – although significant differences exist between the various subzones of the Sangiovese di Romagna denomination.
  • Trebbiano Romagnolo: A white grape variety used to make fresh, easy-drinking wines.
  • Pagadebit (Bombino Bianco): mostly used for bulk wine, it gives light and crisp whites.

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What is the best wine to drink in Emilia-Romagna?

The tendency in Emilia has always been to drink either sparkling wines, semi-sparkling or even Spumante-style wines (those featuring more of a carbonic acid).